Symptoms and Causes of Thrush

Thrush is a yeast infection of the vagina caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans and affects 3 out of 4 women at least once in their lives.1

Getting thrush for the first time can be unpleasant, confusing, and stressful. It is common to think that thrush is associated with something more serious or is a result of "something you've done". This is NOT the case. In fact, thrush is simply the result of an overgrowth of Candida. 

Most naturally occurring yeasts in the vagina are harmless, however an overgrowth of Candida albicans can lead to the unpleasant symptoms associated with thrush. Thrush can develop following changes in lifestyle, health or habit.


Common causes of thrush:

Antibiotics can destroy friendly bacteria that keep vaginal yeast under control

A weak immune system brought on by illness

Hormone changes brought on by pregnancy, the pill, or a period

Over-use of chemical deodorants, perfumed body wash or sprays near the vagina

Poor diet, lack of sleep, or stress

Tight or synthetic clothing creating a warm, moist environment

Common symptoms of thrush:

  • White thick, cottage cheese like discharge
  • Intense vaginal (vulvar) itching or burning
  • None or a non-offensive odour and no painful urination

These are NOT symptoms of thrush:

  • Smelly discharge
  • Yellow/green discharge
  • Blisters or sores
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Fever or chills

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, please see your healthcare professional immediately.

If you are unsure what your symptoms mean or suspect that you have thrush or something else then Canesten Vaginal pH Self Test can help. Canesten Vaginal pH Self Test is a self-diagnosis test to assist women who are experiencing unusual vaginal symptoms and want help to diagnose common vaginal infections such as thrush and put you back in control of your intimate health. Click here to learn more.

Welcome to your personal Canesten
Symptom & Solution Advisor

Unusual vaginal discharge? Odour? Itching? Wondering what it might be, or just want some information and treatment options?

Click here to get started and to find some relief you can trust.

If you are under 18 or over 60, it is recommended you speak to your healthcare professional before continuing.


Click here to learn more about Canesten Vaginal pH Self Test. Canesten vaginal pH Self Test helps you to diagnose common vaginal infections such as thrush in the comfort of your home, quickly giving you results that are over 90% accurate2. It’s an innovative solution that will help put you back in control of your intimate health and give you the ability to request the treatment you need if you are suffering from thrush or consult with a doctor.

Let’s get started

Canesten Vaginal pH Self Test - Always read the label. Follow the directions for use. 
Canesten Vaginal Thrush Treatment - Ask your pharmacist - they must decide if this product is right for you. This is a guide on which Canesten Thrush Treatment is best for you. For medical advice or diagnosis see your doctor.
1 Reference: 1. Sobel. JD. Lancet 2007; 369: 1961-71.
2 Nyirjesy, Paul, et al. "The performance of an innovative self-sampling test for vaginitis-Selfcare Journal”. SelfCare 2017;8(3):1-11. Study funded by Common Sense, Caesarea, Israel.



Back to top

L.AU.MKTG.08.2019.03722 Last Updated Date: August 2019

Always read the label. Follow the directions for use. If symptoms persist, talk to your health professional. For Canesten Thrush Treatment, Ask your pharmacist- They must decide if this product is right for you.

Australia’s No 1: Canesten is Australia’s #1 range of antifungal treatments as per AZTEC National Scan Sales MAT 14/07/19

Images are for illustrative purposes only.