Symptoms and Causes of Thrush

Thrush is a yeast infection of the vagina caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans and affects 3 out of 4 women at least once in their lives.1

Getting thrush for the first time can be unpleasant, confusing, and stressful. It is common to think that thrush is associated with something more serious or is a result of "something you've done". This is NOT the case. In fact, thrush is simply the result of an overgrowth of Candida. 

Most naturally occurring yeasts in the vagina are harmless, however an overgrowth of Candida albicans can lead to the unpleasant symptoms associated with thrush. Thrush can develop following changes in lifestyle, health or habit.


Common causes of thrush:

Antibiotics can destroy friendly bacteria that keep vaginal yeast under control

A weak immune system brought on by illness

Hormone changes brought on by pregnancy, the pill, or a period

Over-use of chemical deodorants, perfumed body wash or sprays near the vagina

Poor diet, lack of sleep, or stress

Tight or synthetic clothing creating a warm, moist environment

Common symptoms of thrush:

  • Itching and burning around the entrance of the vagina (vulva)
  • Redness of the vulva area and there may even be a swelling of the vaginal lips (labia)
  • A heavier than usual discharge that can be thick and cottage cheese like in appearance
  • A stinging sensation when you pass urine
  • Discomfort or pain during sex due to the tenderness of this area

These are NOT symptoms of thrush:

  • Smelly discharge
  • Yellow/green discharge
  • Blisters or sores
  • Abnormal bleeding
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Fever or chills

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, please see your healthcare professional immediately.

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Symptom & Solution Advisor

Experiencing itching, discomfort and soreness? Wondering what it might be, or just want some information and treatment options?

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If you are under 18 or over 60, it is recommended you speak to your healthcare professional before continuing.

Let’s get started Always read the label. Use only as directed. If symptoms persist, see your healthcare professional. This is a guide on which Canesten Thrush Treatment is best for you. For medical advice or diagnosis see your doctor.

Reference: 1. Sobel. JD. Lancet 2007; 369: 1961-71.

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L.AU.MKTG.05.2017.00569 Last Updated Date: August 11, 2017

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